J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2014;8(1):1-5.
doi: 10.5681/joddd.2014.001
PMID: 25024832
PMCID: PMC4091693
  Abstract View: 256
  PDF Download: 614

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The Effect of Low-level Laser Therapy on Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Review of Literature

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The effect of low intensity laser radiation in the treatment of acute and chronic pain is now established in many studies. Tri-geminal neuralgia is a pain passes through nerve’s branches and its trigger is located in skin or mucosa that could lead to pain with a trigger stimulus. The pain involved branches of trigeminal nerve that sometimes has patients to seek the treat-ment for several years. Nowadays different treatments are used for relief of pain that most of them cause tolerance and vari-ous side effects. This paper reviews and summarizes scientific papers available in English literature publishedin PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Inter science, and Iran Medex from 1986 until July 2011 about the effect of these types of lasers on trigeminal neuralgia which is one of the most painful afflictions known. In different studies, the effect of laser therapy has been compared with placebo irradiation or medicinal and surgical treatment modalities. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a treatment strategy which uses a single wavelength light source. Laser radiation and monochromatic light may alter cell and tissue function. However, in most studies laser therapy was associated with significant reduction in the intensity and fre-quency of pain compared with other treatment strategies, a few studies revealed that between laser and placebo group there was not any significant difference according to the analgesic effect. Low-level laser therapy could be considered in treat-ment of trigeminal neuralgia without any side effects.
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Submitted: 18 Jun 2014
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