J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2014;8(4): 197-203.
doi: 10.5681/joddd.2014.036
PMID: 25587380
PMCID: PMC4288908
Scopus ID: 84937705180
  Abstract View: 944
  PDF Download: 1735

Original Research

Effect of TiO2 Nanoparticles on Tensile Strength of Dental Acrylic Resins

Saeed Shirkavad 1, Elnaz Moslehifard 2,3*

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2 Dental and Periodontal Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Background and aims. Adding further fillers to dental resins may enhance their physical characteristics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the tensile strength of heat-curing acrylic resin reinforced by TiO2nanoparticles added into the resin matrix. Materials and methods. Commercially available TiO2 nanoparticles were obtained and characterized using X-ray diffrac-tion (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to determine their crystalline structure, particle size and morphology. TiO2-acrylic resin nanocomposite was prepared by mixing 0.5, 1 and 2 (wt%) of surface modified TiO2 nanoparticles in an amalgamator providing three groups of samples. Before curing, the obtained paste was packed into steel molds. After cur-ing, the specimens were removed from the molds. The tensile strength test samples were prepared according to ISO 1567. Results. Two crystalline phases were found in TiO2 nanoparticles including: (i) anatase as the major one, and (ii) rutile. The average particle size calculated according to the Scherrer equation was 20.4 nm, showing a normal size distribution. Ac-cording to SEM images, the nanocomposite with 1wt% TiO2 nanoparticles had a better distribution compared to other groups. In addition, the group by 1wt% TiO2 exhibited higher tensile strength with a significant difference compared to other groups. ANOVA showed significant differences between the contents of TiO2 particles in acrylic resin (F = 22.19; P < 0.001). Conclusion. A considerable increase in tensile strength was observed with titania NPs reinforcement agents in 1wt% by weight. Further increase of TiO2 nanoparticles decreased the tensile strength.
Keywords: Acrylic resins, materials testing, metal nanoparticles, tensile strength
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Submitted: 18 Dec 2014
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