J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2016;10(4):247-250.
doi: 10.15171/joddd.2016.039
PMID: 28096951
PMCID: PMC5237672
Scopus id: 85043634763
  Abstract View: 145
  PDF Download: 168

Basic Research

Evaluation of changes in anthropometric indexes due to intermaxillary fixation following facial fractures

Javad Yazdani 1, Saeed Hajizadeh 2, Mohammad Ali Ghavimi 1, Bahram Pourghasem Gargari 3, Amin Nourizadeh 4 * , Yousef Kananizadeh 1

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Faculty of Health and Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Article

Background. One of the treatment modalities for facial fractures is closed reduction technique, but treatment with intermaxillary fixation (IMF) interferes with normal nutrition, and malnutrition can affect the patient’s recovery. Anthropometric measurements such as skinfold thickness and body mass index (BMI) are universal indexes for diagnosing malnutrition. Therefore, in this study we explain how treatment with IMF changes the anthropometric indexes. Methods. In this study 60 patients were treated with 4 weeks of IMF. Skinfold thickness and BMI of these patients were measured and compared before and after the treatment. Results. Patients’ weight, BMI and skinfold thickness decreased during the IMF period, and this decrease was statistically significant (P < 0.01). Conclusion. Although no severe and acute malnutrition was seen among our patients, IMF led to mild to moderate malnutrition in some cases, making it necessary to use nutritional supplements.
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Submitted: 30 Dec 2016
Accepted: 31 Dec 2016
First published online: 31 Dec 2016
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