J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2017;11(4): 241-246.
doi: 10.15171/joddd.2017.042
PMID: 29354251
PMCID: PMC5768957
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Clinical Dentistry

Original Article

Bending resistance and cyclic fatigue life of Reciproc Blue, WaveOne Gold, and Genius files in a double (S-shaped) curved canal

Taha Özyürek 1*, Mustafa Gündoğar 2, Koray Yılmaz 3, Gülşah Uslu 1

1 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey
2 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Medipol University, Samsun, Turkey
3 Samsun Oral and Dental Health Hospital, Samsun, Turkey


Background. This study compared the cyclic fatigue resistance, bending resistance and cross-sectional areas of Reciproc Blue (RPC Blue), WaveOne Gold (WOG), and Genius File (GF) NiTi rotary systems.

Methods. Forty RPC Blue R25 (25/.08), 40 WOG Primary (25/.07) and 40 GF (25/.04) files were used in the present study. Flexibility of the files was determined by 45° bending test. The instruments were also subjected to cyclic fatigue resistance, calculating the number of cycles to fracture (NCF) in an S-shaped artificial stainless steel canal. Also the cross-sectional areas of the files were measured at D5 level. The length of the fractured file tips was measured. The fracture surface of all the fragments was examined with a scanning electron microscope. Data was statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey tests.

Results. In both the apical and coronal curvatures, the NCF of the GF was significantly higher than that of the RPC Blue and WOG files. There was no significant difference between the GF, WOG and Reciproc Blue files with respect to the lengths of the fractured file fragments in either the apical or coronal curvature. The bending resistance of the GF was signif-icantly higher than that of the RPC Blue and WOG files. The RPC Blue had the largest cross-sectional area, and the GF had the smallest cross-sectional area.

Conclusion. Within the limitations of the present study, the GF NiTi system exhibited the highest cyclic and bending re-sistance among the experimental groups.

Keywords: Cyclic Fatigue, Cross-section Area, Double Curvature, Genius File, Reciproc Blue, WaveOne Gold
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Submitted: 31 Jul 2017
Accepted: 14 Aug 2017
ePublished: 20 Dec 2017
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