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J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2017;11(3): 177-182.
doi: 10.15171/joddd.2017.032
PMID: 29184634
PMCID: PMC5666218
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Clinical Dentistry

Original Article

Effect of a passive sonic irrigation system on elimination of Enterococcus faecalis from root canal systems of primary teeth, using different concentrations of sodium hypochlorite: An in vitro evaluation

Maryam Forghani 1,2, Elham Afshari 3*, Iman Parisay 3,4, Reza Garajian 5

1 Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4 Dental Materials Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
5 Food Quality and Safety Research Center, Jahad Daneshgahi of Khorasan Razavi, Mashhad, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: afsharie861@mums.ac.ir

Abstract

Background. This in vitro study aimed to compare the antibacterial effect of different concentrations of sodium hypochlorite on elimination of Enterococcus faecalis from root canal systems of primary teeth with or without a passive sonic irrigation system (EndoActivator). Methods. The root canals of 120 extracted single-rooted primary incisors were prepared using the crown-down technique. The teeth were autoclaved and inoculated with E. faecalis. The infected samples were then randomly divided into 6 experimental groups of 15 and positive and negative control groups as follows: group 1: 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution; group 2: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite solution; group 3: 5% sodium hypochlorite solution; group 4: 0.5% sodium hypochlorite solution + sonic activation; group 5: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite solution + sonic activation; and group 6: 5% sodium hypochlorite solution + sonic activation. Microbiological samples were collected before and after disinfection procedures and the colony-forming units were counted. Statistical analyses were performed using the two-way ANOVA and post hoc Duncan's tests in cases of significant difference. Results. There were no significant differences between the groups in any of the variables (concentration of antiseptic or use of sonic irrigation system). Conclusion. Use of passive sonic irrigation systems in endodontic treatment of single-rooted primary teeth is of no benefit compared to regular needle irrigation. The results of this study also recommends use of lower concentrations of sodium hypochlorite solution (0.5%) for irrigation of the root canal system rather than higher concentrations given approximately equal efficacy.
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ePublished: 20 Sep 2017
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