J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2018;12(3):166-173.
doi: 10.15171/joddd.2018.026
PMID: 30443301
PMCID: PMC6231155
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Original Article

Effect of periodontal therapy on maxillary sinus mucous membrane thickening in chronic periodontitis: A split-mouth study

Vrushali N. Lathiya 1, Abhay P. Kolte 1 * , Rajashri A. Kolte 1, Dhawal R. Mody 1

1 Department of Periodontics and Implantology, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, India
*Corresponding Author: Email: Email: drabhaypkolte@gmail.com


Background. This study evaluated the effect of periodontal therapy on mucous membrane thickening in maxillary sinus in chronic periodontitis patients using radiovisiography (RVG) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Methods. The study population included 30 patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis, exhibiting bilateral mucosal thickening of maxillary sinus. The selected sites were randomly assigned to group I (control group - not receiving periodontal therapy) and group II (test group - receiving periodontal therapy). The clinical parameters and mucosal thickening of the maxillary sinus were evaluated at baseline and after 9 months.

Results. There was a significant decrease in the PPD, CAL as well as mucosal thickening in group II while, group I showed an increase in these parameters. In group II at the end of 9 months the mean mucosal thickening reduction as assessed by CBCT was 0.76±0.18, 0.73±0.24, 0.88±0.42 and 1.13±0.43 mm at the most anterior point (AP), the most posterior point (PP), the mid-point (MP), point of maximum thickness (MT) as well as in the length of the thickened mucosal lining, respectively.

Conclusion. The results of our study indicated a reduction in the mucosal thickening of the maxillary sinus after surgical periodontal therapy. The trial was registered with the Clinical Trial Registry of India (Trial REF/ 2016/02/010805).

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Submitted: 15 May 2017
Accepted: 25 Aug 2018
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