J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2019;13(2): 123-127.
doi: 10.15171/joddd.2019.019
PMID: 31592307
PMCID: PMC6773919
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Clinical Dentistry

Original Article

Validating gingival surface temperature as an alternative tool in the diagnosis of periodontal disease activity: An observational clinical trial

Sumanth Gunupati 1* ORCID logo, Hasya Sappiti 1, Sreenivas Nagarakanti 1, BV Ramesh Reddy 1, Vijay Kumar Chava 1

1 Department of Periodontology, Narayana Dental College & Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: sumant29@gmail.com sumant29@gmail.com


Background. Elevated temperature has been recognized as an inflammatory sign. It is the only indication that can be both objectively and quantitatively evaluated and is considered as a potential indicator of periodontal disease. Assessing gingival surface temperature (GST) could be a diagnostic parameter to determine periodontal health. This pilot clinical study aimed to validate gingival surface temperature (GST) as a clinical diagnostic tool to measure periodontal disease activity by correlating with the periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA).

Methods. A cross-sectional mono-center pilot study was conducted with a convenient sample of 50 participants with a mean age of 34.14±13.7 years. Clinical parameters such as probing pocket depth (PPD) clinical attachment loss (CAL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were measured. GST was recorded with a single lead of the bedside patient monitor and correlated with PISA.

Results. The results showed a positive correlation between PISA and GST (P=0.46).

Conclusion. This study showed a rise in GST of inflamed sites, but the results did not support the hypothesis that increased GST is an indicator of periodontal disease. As this is a pilot study, further studies with more larger sample sizes need to be undertaken to confirm its use as a diagnostic tool in clinical trials.

Keywords: Diagnosis, gingiva, inflammation, periodontitis, periodontal diseases, temperature
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Submitted: 25 Mar 2019
Accepted: 02 Jul 2019
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