J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2019;13(2):85-89.
doi: 10.15171/joddd.2019.013
  Abstract View: 58
  PDF Download: 93

Original Article

Investigation of the optimal design of orthodontic mini-implants based on the primary stability: A finite element analysis

Amir Hooman Sadr Haghighi 1, Vahid Pouyafar 2, Ali Navid 2, Mahsa Eskandarinezhad 3, Tannaz Abdollahzadeh Baghaei 1 * ORCiD

1 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: Email: Tannazabdz@gmail.com


Background. The design of an orthodontic mini-implant is a significant factor in determining its primary stability and its clinical success. The aim of this study was to measure the relative effect of mini-implant design factors on primary stability of orthodontic mini-implants.

Methods. Thirty-two 3-dimensional assemblies of mini-implant models with their surrounding bone were generated using finite element analysis software. The maximum displacement of each mini-implant model was measured as they were loaded with a 2-N horizontal force. Employing Taguchi’s design of experiments as a statistical method, the contribution of each design factor to primary stability was calculated. As a result of the great effect of the upper diameter and length, to better detect the impact of the remaining design factors, another set of 25 models with a fixed amount of length and diameter was generated and evaluated.

Results. The diameter and length showed a great impact on the primary stability in the first set of experiments (P<0.05). According to the second set of experiments, increased taper angle in the threaded and non-threaded area decreased the primary stability. There was also an optimum amount of 2.5 mm for threaded taper length beyond which the primary stability decreased.

Conclusion. It is advisable to increase the diameter and length if primary stability is at risk. In the second place, a minimum amount of taper angle, both in the threaded and non-threaded area with an approximate proportion of 20% of threaded taper length to MI length, would be desirable for MIs with a moderate size.

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Submitted: 31 Aug 2018
Accepted: 02 Jul 2019
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