J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2020;14(2): 117-123.
doi: 10.34172/joddd.2020.025
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Basic Research

Original Article

Root dentin surface activation to improve bioceramic bonding: A scanning electron microscopic study

Shazeena Qaiser 1* ORCID logo, Mithra N. Hegde 1, Darshana Devadiga 1, Mahalaxmi Yelapure 1

1 Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences
*Corresponding authors: Shazeena Qaiser. Tel:+91- 9419543273 Email: shazeena.q18@gmail.com.


Background. Bioceramics need to interact chemically with dentin to exhibit adequate bioactivity. Proper bonding of bioceramics with dentin is of considerable importance. This study aimed to evaluate the wettability and marginal adaptation of bioceramics after the use of surface-active agents on dentin: 0.5% cetrimide and 1% alkylbenzene sulfonate.

Methods. Of ninety maxillary central incisors, 45 teeth were sectioned longitudinally with 45 root halves randomly assigned to three groups (n=15): group I: no pre-treatment; group II: 0.5% cetrimide; group III: 1% alkylbenzene sulfonate. Then, the samples were subdivided into three subgroups (n=5): subgroup I: MTA; subgroup II: Biodentine, and subgroup III: BioRoot. A controlled-volume droplet of bioceramic material was placed on each root half, which was positioned in a dynamic contact angle analyzer to record the static contact angle for wettability. The remaining 45 samples were decoronated; the root canals were prepared and randomly categorized, as mentioned above. The root canal surfaces were treated, filled with the bioceramic material, transversely sectioned, and then each middle section was analyzed microscopically for marginal adaptation. Statistical tests used included post hoc Tukey tests and one-way ANOVA. The level of statistical significance set at 95% (P<0.05).

Results. The contact angle values and interfacial gap width values after surface pre-treatment were significantly lower when compared to no pre-treatment group (P<0.05). The values were significant for 0.5% cetrimide in the case of Biodentine and 1% alkylbenzene sulfonate in the case of BioRoot (P<0.05).

Conclusion. The two surfactants yielded promising results for enhancing the wettability and marginal adaptation of materials to the root dentin, which is required for obtaining an adequate seal, penetration, and bond strength of bioceramics.

Keywords: Bioceramic, Surfactants, bonding, Wettability, Marginal adaptation
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Submitted: 04 Mar 2020
Accepted: 22 Apr 2020
ePublished: 17 Jun 2020
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