J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2021;15(3): 203-209.
doi: 10.34172/joddd.2021.034
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Basic Research

Original Article

Examining the quality of the competency-based evaluation program for dentistry based on the CIPP model: A mixed-method study

Nemat Bilan 1 ORCID logo, Ramin Negahdari 1 ORCID logo, Hakimeh Hazrati 2 ORCID logo, Saeid Foroughi Moghaddam 1* ORCID logo

1 Department of Medical Education, Medical Education Research Center, Health Management and Safety Promotion Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Medical Education, Center for Educational Research in Medical Sciences (School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding author: Saeid Foroughi Moghaddam, Email: saidforoughi@gmail.com


Background. Continuing assessment of the quality of evaluation programs promotes the quality of exams and ensures learners’ accurate evaluation. This study aimed to examine the quality of the competency-based evaluation program for dentistry based on the context, input, process, and product (CIPP) model.

Methods. In a mixed-methods study (quantitative-qualitative), dentistry students’ evaluation program using competency-based assessment methods was examined by dentistry professors based on the CIPP model and via a reliable and valid researcher-made questionnaire. The questionnaire had three sections on demographic information, evaluation questions, and open-ended questions. Descriptive statistics (mean and SD) were used to analyze the questionnaire items. Open-ended questions were analyzed by content analysis, and the quantitative part was analyzed using SPSS.

Results. Twenty-five faculty members from the departments of orthodontics and dental prosthesis completed the questionnaires. The overall level of faculty members’ satisfaction with the new evaluation program was above average (54±17.02). They had the highest degree of satisfaction with output indices and the lowest degree with input indices. The analysis of the open-ended questions yielded two general categories of “providing the human and physical infrastructure” and “spiritual support and encouragement of educational innovation.”

Conclusion. The competency-based evaluation program needs the support of managers and planners. The faculty should provide the infrastructure for the implementation of these methods. By meeting the requirements, the professors will be motivated to implement these methods, and the paradigm can shift from traditional to novel evaluation methods.

Keywords: Dentistry, Evaluation, CIPP model, Program evaluation

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Submitted: 13 Nov 2020
Accepted: 04 May 2021
ePublished: 25 Aug 2021
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