J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2023;17(4): 227-234.
doi: 10.34172/joddd.2023.40536
  Abstract View: 249
  PDF Download: 118

Clinical Dentistry

Original Article

Effect of air abrasive polishing on nickel release, stainless steel corrosion, and nickel-titanium archwires

Mohanad Ali Mohammed 1* ORCID logo, Alan Issa Saleem 1

1 Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Bab Al-Muadham Campus, Baghdad, Iraq
*Corresponding Author: Mohanad Ali Mohammed, Email: mohannad.ali1203a@codental.uobaghdad.edu.iq


Background. Orthodontic treatment is becoming more and more popular. However, using fixed orthodontic devices for treatment affects oral hygiene and raises the risk of corrosion, plaque-related illnesses, and dental discoloration-related issues. Air abrasive polishing has a superior effect over the conventional method in removing dental deposits. Using fixed orthodontic appliances affects oral hygiene and raises the risk of diseases caused by plaque, tooth discoloration, and corrosion, as well as corrosion by ions. This study evaluated the impact of air polishing on nickel ion release and corrosion from stainless steel, nickel-titanium, coated stainless steel, and coated nickel-titanium.

Methods. A total of 288 (stainless steel, coated stainless-steel, nickel-titanium, and coated nickel-titanium rectangular archwires) of one brand were subjected to varying air abrasion polishing times (5, 10, and 20 seconds). Then, they were submerged in artificial saliva with a pH of 6.75 and incubated for 28 days at 37 °C. The release of nickel ions (Ni2+) was measured using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer at 7, 14, and 28 days to estimate the cumulative effect. The corrosion of the test-selected samples and surface alterations was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Results. Prolonged polishing significantly increased Ni2+release and corrosion. Archwires made of coated stainless steel exhibited the least amount of Ni2+release.

Conclusion. The air polishing process increased the Ni2+release at a subtoxic level and could be used on adult patients with long gaps between visits with a polishing period of 5 seconds.

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Abstract View: 250

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Submitted: 23 Jul 2023
Accepted: 16 Nov 2023
ePublished: 30 Dec 2023
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